Popularly called as the "Manchester of South India", the culture of Coimbatore is based on the culture of the Kongu Nadu region,the western part of Tamil Nadu.Distinctly different from that of any other city in India. Being a cosmopolitan city, the culture of the city reflects its diverse population which has resulted in a unique blend. Though it is generally considered a traditional city, Coimbatore is more diverse and cosmopolitan than other cities in Tamil Nadu. Traditional music, dance and all other art forms of Tamil Nadu are very popular in the city. One can find a unique blend of culture from traditional foods to fast foods, from ancient temple architecture to modern high-rises and from classical music to various forms of dance. Coimbatore and its people have a reputation for entrepreneurship.
Festivals of Coimbatore
Art has always been an integral part of the city. Coimbatore has its own music festival each year.The Mariamman festivals, at the city’s numerous Amman temples, are major events in summer. Mariamman is the south Indian goddess for rains. The festival is celebrated each year with zeal and fervor. A procession is taken out with the deity placed in a decorated chariot. Mariamman is worshipped to bring rains and for curing diseases.
Thai Pongal, celebrated in the month of January, is the most important festival of and is celebrated over a period of five days. Pongal has been designated the "State Festival" for its unique celebration that is typical of Tamil Nadu. Tamil New Year signifying the beginning of the Tamil calendar usually falls in April and is celebrated widely with special poojas in temples.
Religion in Coimbatore
The city has a peaceful coexistence of many religions. The majority population follows Hinduism. In addition there are Muslims, Jains, Christians and Sikhs also in the area. The major festivals celebrated in the city include – Diwali, Pongal, Ayudhya Puja, Christmas and Ramazan.Even though the city is not a major religious center, there are many temples in and around Coimbatore. Some important temples include the Lord Shiva (Patteswarar) temple at Perur, The Thandumariamman Temple, The Sri Murugan Temple at Marthumalai, ArulmiguKoniamman Temple. An excellent replica of Tirupati-Tirmala temple is located in Then Thirumalai 40 km north of Coimbatore.ThePuliyakulamVinayagartemple stands with the biggest lord Ganesha's statue in Asia.The mosques on Oppanakara Street and Big Bazaar Street date back to the period of Hyder Ali.
Language of Coimbatore
Kongu Tamil, a Tamil dialect is spoken in this area. It was originally known as "Kangee" or "Kongalam" or 'GounderBashai' or "Kongappechu" or 'KonguBashai'.Although predominantly one would find Tamil speaking community, there is a strong presence of Kannada, Telugu and Malayalam speaking people. English is the second language in schools and colleges. There is a great mix of ideologies and traditions owing to the mixed bag of people that live in the city.
Cuisine of Coimbatore
The cuisine of Coimbatore is predominant by rice being staple diet. Since the population is multicultural, the food industry has also adapted to the changes according to the migrant population. Most restaurants serve traditional south Indian cuisine on banana leaf. Some of the most popular dishes among the locals include – idly, vada, sambhar, rasam, kootu, kari, pooriyal, thayir, parupp and biryani. Coimbatore is well known for ‘Mysorepak’ one of the traditional sweets of the area.